References & Links

Works Cited

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Other Sources


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Picnik was used to edit the images and figures used in this website.

Flickr was also used as a source for images under the Creative Commons license.


Further Reading

Acampora D, Gulisano M, Broccoli V, Simeone A (2001) Otx genes in brain morphogenesis. Prog Neurobiol 64: 69–95


Akazawa C, Ishibashi M, Shimizu C, Nakanishi S, Kageyama R: A mammalian helix–loop–helix factor structurally related to the product of Drosophila proneural gene atonal is a positive transcriptional regulator expressed in the developing nervous system. J Biol Chem 1995, 270:8730-8738.


Altman J, Bayer SA (1997) Develop- ment of the cerebellar system: in rela- tion to its evolution, structure and functions. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL


Barth PG: Pontocerebellar hypoplasia — how many types? Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2000, 4:161-162.


Caspary T, Larkins CE, Anderson KV: The graded response to Sonic Hedgehog depends on cilia architecture. Dev Cell 2007, 12:767-778.


Chizhikov V, Millen KJ: Development and malformations of the cerebellum in mice. Mol Genet Metab 2003, 80:54-65.


Fink AJ, Englund C, Daza RA, Pham D, Lau C, Nivison M, Kowalczyk T, Hevner RF: Development of the deep cerebellar nuclei: transcription factors and cell migration from the rhombic lip. J Neurosci 2006, 26:3066-3076.


Goldowitz D, Hamre K (1998) The cells and molecules that make the cerebel- lum. Trends Neurosci 21:375–382


Kuemerle B, Zanjani H, Joyner A, Her- rup K (1997) Pattern deformities and cell loss in Engrailed-2 mutant mice suggest two separate patterning events during cerebellar development. J Neu- rosci 17:7881–7889


Machold RP, Kittell DJ, Fishell GJ: Antagonism between Notch and bone morphogenetic protein receptor signaling regulates neurogenesis in the cerebellar rhombic lip. Neural Dev 2007, 2:5.


Sato T, Joyner AL, Nakamura H: How does Fgf signaling from the isthmic organizer induce midbrain and cerebellum development? Dev Growth Differ 2004, 46:487-494.


Parisi MA, Dobyns WB: Human malformations of the midbrain and hindbrain: review and proposed classification scheme. Mol Genet Metab 2003, 80:36-53.


Rhinn M, Brand M (2001) The mid- brain-hindbrain boundary organizer. Curr Opin Neurobiol 11:34–42


Rakic P, Sidman RL (1970) Histogene- sis of cortical layers in human cerebel- lum, particularly the lamina dissecans. J Comp Neurol 139:473–500


Wang VY, Zoghbi HY (2001) Genetic regulation of cerebellar development. Nature Rev Neurosci 2:484–491


Wassef M, Joyner AL (1997) Early mes- encephalon/metencephalon patterning and development of the cerebellum. Persp Dev Neurobiol 5:3–16